Solutions to various legal topics This blog provides solution to various legal topics that feature in university level examinations conducted for the LL. The blog concentrates on writing an answer within thirty minutes which is essential for one to complete a paper within 3 hours. For thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the subject the readers are advised to read the bare acts and relevant text books.
Minors[ edit ] In English contract law Minor capacity, a minor is any individual under the age of 18 years.
Contracts for necessaries[ edit ] ". His clothes may be fine or coarse according to his rank; his education may vary according to the station he is to fill; and the medicines will depend on the illness with which he is afflicted, and the extent of his probable means when of age.
So, again, the nature and extent of the attendance will depend on his position in society. Where necessaries are sold and delivered to a minor A statutory definition of the term "necessary" is provided in section 2 3 of the Sales of Goods Act of Ghana, Act which states: Whilst the onus of proof that a contract is for necessaries falls upon the supplier, contracts in this form have been found in a wide range of situations, including expensive and far reaching purchases.
The necessaries of one minor will not necessarily reflect those of another. The particular circumstances, such as age and immediate needs, may lead to differing outcomes. Where a contract contains particularly burdensome or unfair terms, the courts may decide that a minor does not have the capacity to be bound by them.
Where an infant chose to work under terms which would lower any compensation he may have received for injury,  and this was obviously to his disadvantage, he would not be bound by employment.
If such terms were held to be generally to his advantage, as he would be insured against more types of accidents, his employment contract would be binding. Here, a girl of 14 contracted with a professional dancerto become their apprentice.
The contract stated that the girl could not accept dancing engagements for herself, and was not required to be paid except for performances she gave.
Their agreement was held not to be binding, due to these unreasonable terms. Those incapacitated may also choose to ratify a contract at a later date, if their mental incapacity ends. A drunken person can choose to ratify a contract once they are again sober and under the Sale of Goods Actthey are legally bound with regard to contracts for necessaries.Industrial production edged up percent in October, as a gain for manufacturing outweighed decreases elsewhere.
As a result of upward revisions primarily in mining, the overall index is now reported to have advanced at an annual rate of percent in the third quarter, appreciably above the .
A minor has no legal capacity in the eyes of the law and cannot therefore start or defend any legal proceedings. However, a minor can sue or be sued when assisted by a guardian; if there is no guardian, the court will appoint someone (a .
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CONTRACTS WITH MINORS I Disaffirmance: In order for a minor to avoid a contract, he or she need only manifest an intention not to be bound by it. • This intent to avoid, or “disaffirm,” the contract may be manifested by words or actions. Minors Have No Capacity to Contract Minors (those under the age of 18, in most states) lack the capacity to make a contract. So a minor who signs a contract can either honor the deal or void the contract. A minor has no legal capacity in the eyes of the law and cannot therefore start or defend any legal proceedings. However, a minor can sue or be sued when assisted by a guardian; if there is no guardian, the court will appoint someone (a .
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Mental Incapacity. A person who lacks mental capacity can void, or have a guardian void, most contracts (except contracts for necessities). In most states, the standard for mental capacity is whether the party understood the meaning and effect of the words comprising the contract or transaction.